Whistleblowing e direito penal : an?lise de uma pol?tica criminal de combate aos crimes econ?micos fundada em agentes denunciantes

This thesis is mainly based on the intersection between whistleblowers, disclosure of sensitive information and criminal law. For that matter, the research aims to examine the juridical conception of whistleblowing and is set to understand why whistleblowers around the world are worthy of encouragem...

Nível de Acesso:openAccess
Publication Date:2018
Main Author: Macedo, Cassio Rocha de lattes
Orientador/a: Souza J?nior, Ney Fayet de lattes
Format: Dissertação
Language:por
Published: Pontif?cia Universidade Cat?lica do Rio Grande do Sul
Programa: Programa de P?s-Gradua??o em Ci?ncias Criminais
Department: Escola de Direito
Assuntos em Português:
Áreas de Conhecimento:
Online Access:http://tede2.pucrs.br/tede2/handle/tede/8037
Resumo Português:O presente estudo objetiva examinar o instituto do whistleblowing, desde a sua conceitua??o jur?dico-penal, passando por sua constru??o social enquanto fen?meno, at? sua expans?o internacional enquanto objeto de cria??o legislativa. A figura do whistleblower, um sujeito denunciante, al?m de recente, traz consigo complexidades que a tornam digna de tutela. Tratase de uma figura que, na condi??o de membro (ou ex-membro) de determinada empresa ou organiza??o (seja p?blica ou privada), leva ?s autoridades o conhecimento que det?m sobre atividades il?citas, pr?ticas anti?ticas e toda a sorte de crimes que estavam sendo praticados sob controle dos pr?prios membros de tal organiza??o. Diferentemente de outros institutos, em mat?ria penal, que v?m ? mente quando se menciona den?ncia e dela??o ou, ainda, quando se pensa no aspecto de ado??o de mecanismos preventivos a fim de evitar delitos dentro de institui??es, a pr?tica de whistleblowing consiste em instituto com conceitua??o espec?fica. O atual entendimento, em diversas legisla??es do mundo, ? que a figura do whistleblower ? digna de tutela e, tamb?m, de incentivo, pois demonstrou ser instrumento valioso tanto na preven??o, quanto no descobrimento de condutas delitivas.
Resumo inglês:This thesis is mainly based on the intersection between whistleblowers, disclosure of sensitive information and criminal law. For that matter, the research aims to examine the juridical conception of whistleblowing and is set to understand why whistleblowers around the world are worthy of encouragement and legislative protection at the same time that a lot of them are criminally prosecuted. The fact is that their disclosure of information leads law enforcement authorities to discover illicit acts (of which the whistleblower has knowledge but is not involved). Thus, nowadays several countries around the globe created laws to incentive (legal protection against reprisals) and reward whistleblowers (with a percentage of the monetary sanctions collected by the state if the information delivered by the whistleblower was valuable to a successful legal judicial or administrative action). Unlikely others institutes related to criminal prevention such as plea-bargaining or criminal compliance, the practice of whistleblowing have its own specifications that will be examined in this study. The importance of whistleblowing has resulted in its legislative expansion due to the possibilities of discovering and preventing illegal practices through the disclosure of information by a whistleblower. The focus of my research lies in this figure that arouses so much interest, sometimes seen as heroic or as a traitor. Therefore, the research develops reflecting the possibilities of constructing a criminal policy based on this innovative kind of law.