Participação social no desenvolvimento de políticas públicas no Estado do Amapá: um olhar sobre a elaboração e execução do Plano Plurianual de Macapá-AP no período de 2013 a 2016
GALINDO, Alexandre Gomes. Participação social no desenvolvimento de políticas públicas no Estado do Amapá: um olhar sobre a elaboração e execução do Plano Plurianual de Macapá-AP no período de 2013 a 2016. 2017. 307f. – Tese (Doutorado) – Universidade Federal do Ceará, Programa de Pós-Graduação em S...
|Nível de Acesso:||openAccess|
|Assuntos em Português:|
|Citação:||Galindo, A. G.; Abu-El-Haj, J. (2017)|
|Resumo Português:||The main scope of this work is to present the results of a study on the process of interlocution between members of the civil society and the public power in the city of Macapá, the capital of the Brazilian State of Amapá. This thesis brings to light the analysis of the dynamics of participation of members of society in the political process of elaborating and executing the municipal planning. This was possible through the implementation of an institutional design of shared management proposed by the government team that took office between 2013 and 2016. The present work does not aim to present evaluations of results and effectiveness of the public policies implemented in these four years. In the present study, the following integrated objectives were included: a) To reveal elements that contextualize the ambience in Macapá from the perspective of its development and the configuration of its local political elite; b) To review the characteristics of the institutional dynamics for a participatory management induced by the local executive branch of Macapá related to the elaboration and execution of a multi-annual plan, from 2013 to 2016; and, c) To point out advances, appropriations, conflicts, difficulties and challenges related to the institutional design of participatory management implemented by the government team that took office in Macapá, in 2013. During the contextualization of the data, it became evident that the creation of the State of Amapá in 1988 was a dividing line that marked the beginning of the development of deep spatial, social, economic and political transformation processes in the municipality of Macapá, including the renewal of local political elites. The results lead to the identification of components that integrate family groups, political parties and local leaders involved in the political sphere of the city. When the declared intentions of opening channels of dialogue with the society, and the participation management in the processes of elaboration and execution of municipal planning were analyzed, it was verified that the greatest efforts of mobilization for shared elaboration of the municipal planning and allocation of resources in programs to manage participation in the multi-annual plan took place in 2013. The government that took office from 2013 to 2016 implemented participatory experiences with different models and names, such as O povo no commando, Congresso do povo e Prefeitura na sua rua. These experiences changed the approach given to the relationship with society in the last half of its four-year term. Although the model of participatory management adopted in the municipality has generated advances and empowerment, it also presented evidence of conflicts, limitations and challenges. Even though the purpose of this study is not to advance in the field of pragmatics, the results allow us to infer that, starting from the management design adopted by the municipality of Macapá, from 2013 to 2016, and from the perceptions about its implantation process, there is a need to reduce the centrality of the government in the management of participatory Institutions and the effective broadening of the participatory process beyond the initial stages of preparation of the Multi-annual Plan, the Budget Directive Law and the Annual Budget Law. These steps aim to overcome the difficulties faced during the monitoring of controlling actions, and in the access of different members of the civil society to the various sectors of the city hall.|