Mudança tecnológica e uso de fatores de produção na agricultura de Minas Gerais, 1985 a 1995
A modernização do setor agropecuário brasileiro foi iniciada na década de 60 e caracterizada pela participação ativa do estado e crescimento da produção devido ao crescimento da área cultivada. Com a crise fiscal e aprofundamento da abertura econômica, ocorridos na transição das décadas de 80 e 90,...
|Nível de Acesso:||openAccess|
Universidade Federal de Viçosa
|Áreas de Conhecimento:|
|Citação:||CHINELATTO NETO, Armando. Mudança tecnológica e uso de fatores de produção na agricultura de Minas Gerais, 1985 a 1995. 2003. 71 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Economia Aplicada) - Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa. 2003.|
|Resumo inglês:||The modernization of the Brazilian agriculture was initialized after the high 60’s, and was characterized by incentive state instruments. In this period, production increased mainly due to growth of the cultivated area. Yet, the economical context of the transition between the 80’s and 90’s decades is characterized by the fiscal crisis determining the loss of financing capacity and state investments, and by the economical opening determining the increase of the competition imposed to the productors. The technological modernization process was intensified, and the technical progress was associated to the mechanization increase, larger use of modern inputs and productivity increase, altering the relation among capital, soil and work. Thus, this work identifies the relation between the intensity of production factors use and the technological change of Minas Gerais’ agriculture, in the period between 1985 and 1995. In order to identify the possible regional differences in such a relation, two groups of microregions were created in Minas Gerais, and the measures of the factors’ total productivity were calculated, as well as the technological change and the technological efficiency change for the microregion of each group. It was verified that the technological change was important to determine the differentiated regional development, because it was bigger in the group in which there was more total productivity gain of the factors. Two representative variables of production factors use were created to identify how the intensity of the production factors use conditioned the technological change. The first variable represents the ‘machines and modern inputs use’, and the second one represents the ‘soil use intensity’. It was verified that the technological changes occurred in Minas Gerais’ agriculture were associated to the labor reduction, and increase of modern machines and inputs use, what allowed the worker to cultivate larger proportion of the area in larger proprieties.|