Efeitos distributivos de projetos de irrigação: o caso do projeto Jaíba
Esta pesquisa procurou identificar como a implantação e funcionamento do projeto Jaíba provocou alterações na renda dos agentes econômicos envolvidos com este projeto, como irrigantes (pequenos e empresários), Governo Federal e Estadual, Banco Mundial, intermediários, etc. Buscou-se verificar quem f...
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Universidade Federal de Viçosa
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|Citação:||SILVA, Rosilene Maria de Castro. Efeitos distributivos de projetos de irrigação: o caso do projeto Jaíba. 2001. 89 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Economia Aplicada) - Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa. 89.|
|Resumo inglês:||This research tried to identify how implantation and operation of the Jaíba project caused alterations in income of the economic agents involved with this project, such as the irrigators (small ones and businessmen), State and Federal Government, World Bank, middlemen, etc. It was searched to verify who were the economic agents benefiting from the project implantation, and who has assumed its costs as well. The theoretical model used for determination of these distributive impacts was based on the Social Welfare Theory, while the analytic model Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) was also used, a technique widely used in the financial and economic evaluation of projects, which is based on the comparison of costs and benefits generated by an investment. To facilitate the analysis, the distributive effects were separated into direct (quantitative variation in the income given by the production value) and indirect (given by alterations in the level of the individuals' well-being consequent from a wider access to the technology, education and health). In relation to the direct distributive effects, it was verified that the irrigators (small producers and businessmen) were the great beneficiaries, who have been taking the larger part of the income generated by the Jaíba project. Among the beneficiaries, however, yet the middlemen are acting on this project. Due to the commercialization difficulties found by the small irrigators more than 70% of all production are marketed by the profiteer. On the other hand, the Federal Government, the State Government and the World Bank were the financing agents in this project. Relative to the indirect benefits, it may be said that the small irrigator group was the great beneficiary from the project, since the investment has provided the access to the technology, education, credit and health, among other benefits. Among the problems found within the ambit of the Jaíba project, the low educational level is the main strangulating point of the investment. It is also concluded that until now, the Jaíba project had no expressive impact at the regional development level, although the resulting high production of foods, so constituting an important tool in generation of jobs and income in the area.|