Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo

Detalhes bibliográficos
Ano de defesa: 2013
Autor(a) principal: Oliveira, Alisson Marcel Souza de lattes
Orientador(a): Blank, Arie Fitzgerald
Banca de defesa: Não Informado pela instituição
Tipo de documento: Dissertação
Tipo de acesso: Acesso aberto
Idioma: por
Instituição de defesa: Não Informado pela instituição
Programa de Pós-Graduação: Pós-Graduação em Agroecossistemas
Departamento: Não Informado pela instituição
País: Não Informado pela instituição
Palavras-chave em Português:
Palavras-chave em Inglês:
Área do conhecimento CNPq:
Link de acesso: https://ri.ufs.br/handle/riufs/6572
Resumo: Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] is technically a perennial plant, cultivated and explored as an annual crop. Thus, the identification of the cultivation cycle and sweet potato clones is important for a better utilization of this crop, in both, human and animal nutrition, as for ethanol production. The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of sweet potato clones grown in different cultivation cycles. The experimental design was a randomized block design, in a split-plot scheme, with three replications. We tested in the plots three cultivation cycles (3, 5 and 7 months), and in the split plots, six sweet potato clones (accessions IBP-007, IBP-038, IBP-075, IBP-079 and IBP-149, and cultivar Brazlândia Rosada). The experiment was carried out at the Research Farm "Campus Rural da UFS", located in the municipality of São Cristovão-SE. The analyzed variables were: survival, damages caused by soil insects, fresh and dry weight of the aerial part, total root yield, content of root dry matter, starch and amylose, and yield of starch and ethanol. All variables were subjected to analysis of variance with the F test, and when significant, the means were compared by the Skott-Knott test at 5% probability. The lowest survival rates occurred in the seventh month of cultivation (51.11%), together with the greatest damage caused by soil insects (4.29), where the clones IPB-038 (2.84), IPB-075 (3.01) and IPB-149 (2.88) showed resistance at the seven month cultivation cycle. Clone IPB-007 presented high values of fresh (14.07 t.ha-1) and dry weight (2.81 t.ha-1) of the aerial part in all the cultivation cycles, presenting also high yield of roots (33.16 t.ha-1), starch (6.63 t.ha-1) and ethanol (4,379 L.ha-1). For content of root dry matter (38.32%) and starch (26.70%), and ethanol yield (176.26 L.t-1), the clone IPB-149 stood out. There was no significant difference in amylose content. The starch content (13.94%) and the yield of roots (7.53 t.ha-1), starch (1.64 t.ha-1) and ethanol (1,034 L.ha-1 and 92.04 L.t-1) were lower for most of the clones evaluated with three months of cultivation. We recommend the use of the cultivation cycle of five months.
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spelling Oliveira, Alisson Marcel Souza deBlank, Arie Fitzgeraldhttp://lattes.cnpq.br/57155959517419612017-10-02T12:49:27Z2017-10-02T12:49:27Z2013-07-26https://ri.ufs.br/handle/riufs/6572Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] is technically a perennial plant, cultivated and explored as an annual crop. Thus, the identification of the cultivation cycle and sweet potato clones is important for a better utilization of this crop, in both, human and animal nutrition, as for ethanol production. The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of sweet potato clones grown in different cultivation cycles. The experimental design was a randomized block design, in a split-plot scheme, with three replications. We tested in the plots three cultivation cycles (3, 5 and 7 months), and in the split plots, six sweet potato clones (accessions IBP-007, IBP-038, IBP-075, IBP-079 and IBP-149, and cultivar Brazlândia Rosada). The experiment was carried out at the Research Farm "Campus Rural da UFS", located in the municipality of São Cristovão-SE. The analyzed variables were: survival, damages caused by soil insects, fresh and dry weight of the aerial part, total root yield, content of root dry matter, starch and amylose, and yield of starch and ethanol. All variables were subjected to analysis of variance with the F test, and when significant, the means were compared by the Skott-Knott test at 5% probability. The lowest survival rates occurred in the seventh month of cultivation (51.11%), together with the greatest damage caused by soil insects (4.29), where the clones IPB-038 (2.84), IPB-075 (3.01) and IPB-149 (2.88) showed resistance at the seven month cultivation cycle. Clone IPB-007 presented high values of fresh (14.07 t.ha-1) and dry weight (2.81 t.ha-1) of the aerial part in all the cultivation cycles, presenting also high yield of roots (33.16 t.ha-1), starch (6.63 t.ha-1) and ethanol (4,379 L.ha-1). For content of root dry matter (38.32%) and starch (26.70%), and ethanol yield (176.26 L.t-1), the clone IPB-149 stood out. There was no significant difference in amylose content. The starch content (13.94%) and the yield of roots (7.53 t.ha-1), starch (1.64 t.ha-1) and ethanol (1,034 L.ha-1 and 92.04 L.t-1) were lower for most of the clones evaluated with three months of cultivation. We recommend the use of the cultivation cycle of five months.A batata-doce [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.] é tecnicamente uma planta perene, plantada e explorada como anual. Sendo assim, a identificação do ciclo de cultivo e de clones de batata-doce é importante para um melhor aproveitamento dessa cultura, tanto na alimentação humana e animal, como para produção de etanol. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar o desempenho de clones de batata-doce cultivados em diferentes ciclos de cultivo. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos casualizados, em esquema de parcelas subdivididas, com três repetições. Foram testados nas parcelas três ciclos de cultivo (3, 5 e 7 meses), e nas subparcelas, seis clones de batata-doce (acessos IBP-007, IBP-038, IBP-075, IBP-079 e IBP-149, e a cultivar Brazlândia Rosada). O experimento foi implantado na Fazenda Experimental Campus Rural da UFS , localizada no Município de São Cristovão-SE. As variáveis analisadas foram: sobrevivência, danos causados por insetos de solos, massa fresca e seca de parte aérea, produtividade total de raízes, teor de matéria seca de raiz, amido e amilose e rendimento de amido e etanol. Todas as variáveis foram submetidas à análise de variância com teste F e, quando significativa, as médias foram comparadas pelo teste de Skott-Knott ao nível de 5% de probabilidade. Os menores índices de sobrevivência ocorreram no sétimo mês de cultivo (51,11%), juntamente com os maiores danos causados por insetos de solo (4,29), onde os clones IPB-038 (2,84), IPB-075 (3,01) e IPB-149 (2,88) apresentaram resistência no ciclo com sete meses. O clone IPB-007 apresentou elevados valores de massa fresca (14,07 t.ha-1) e seca (2,81 t.ha-1) de parte aérea, em todos os ciclos de cultivo, apresentando também, alta produtividade de raiz (33,16 t.ha-1), amido (6,63 t.ha-1) e etanol (4.379 L.ha-1). Já para teor de matéria seca de raiz (38,32%) e amido (26,70%) e rendimento de etanol (176,26 em L.t-1), o clone IPB-149 se destacou. Não houve diferença significativa para o teor de amilose. O teor de amido (13,94%) e o rendimento de raiz (7,53 t.ha-1), amido (1,64 t.ha-1), e etanol (1.034 L.ha-1 e 92,04 L.t-1) foram menores para a maioria dos clones avaliados no ciclo com três meses de cultivo. Recomenda-se usar o ciclo de cultivo de cinco meses.application/pdfporBatata-doceÁlcoolCultivoColheitaAmidoIpomoea batatasAmiloseAlcoholHarvestingSweet potatoesSweet potatoesCNPQ::CIENCIAS AGRARIAS::AGRONOMIAProdução de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivoinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesisPós-Graduação em Agroecossistemasinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessreponame:Repositório Institucional da UFSinstname:Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS)instacron:UFSORIGINALALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdfapplication/pdf819980https://ri.ufs.br/jspui/bitstream/riufs/6572/1/ALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdf98d5e1be8a9cbd3501681ca10882fa5aMD51TEXTALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdf.txtALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdf.txtExtracted texttext/plain107889https://ri.ufs.br/jspui/bitstream/riufs/6572/2/ALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdf.txtcdf1204f45ab6bc05009df0f202c9de1MD52THUMBNAILALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdf.jpgALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdf.jpgGenerated Thumbnailimage/jpeg1268https://ri.ufs.br/jspui/bitstream/riufs/6572/3/ALISSON_MARCEL_SOUZA_OLIVEIRA.pdf.jpg4524d6062f535328946a6f5dbfee68d2MD53riufs/65722017-11-24 21:03:39.351oai:ufs.br:riufs/6572Repositório InstitucionalPUBhttps://ri.ufs.br/oai/requestrepositorio@academico.ufs.bropendoar:2017-11-25T00:03:39Repositório Institucional da UFS - Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS)false
dc.title.por.fl_str_mv Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
title Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
spellingShingle Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
Oliveira, Alisson Marcel Souza de
Batata-doce
Álcool
Cultivo
Colheita
Amido
Ipomoea batatas
Amilose
Alcohol
Harvesting
Sweet potatoes
Sweet potatoes
CNPQ::CIENCIAS AGRARIAS::AGRONOMIA
title_short Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
title_full Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
title_fullStr Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
title_full_unstemmed Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
title_sort Produção de clones de batata-doce em função de ciclo de cultivo
author Oliveira, Alisson Marcel Souza de
author_facet Oliveira, Alisson Marcel Souza de
author_role author
dc.contributor.author.fl_str_mv Oliveira, Alisson Marcel Souza de
dc.contributor.advisor1.fl_str_mv Blank, Arie Fitzgerald
dc.contributor.authorLattes.fl_str_mv http://lattes.cnpq.br/5715595951741961
contributor_str_mv Blank, Arie Fitzgerald
dc.subject.por.fl_str_mv Batata-doce
Álcool
Cultivo
Colheita
Amido
Ipomoea batatas
Amilose
topic Batata-doce
Álcool
Cultivo
Colheita
Amido
Ipomoea batatas
Amilose
Alcohol
Harvesting
Sweet potatoes
Sweet potatoes
CNPQ::CIENCIAS AGRARIAS::AGRONOMIA
dc.subject.eng.fl_str_mv Alcohol
Harvesting
Sweet potatoes
Sweet potatoes
dc.subject.cnpq.fl_str_mv CNPQ::CIENCIAS AGRARIAS::AGRONOMIA
description Sweet potato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam] is technically a perennial plant, cultivated and explored as an annual crop. Thus, the identification of the cultivation cycle and sweet potato clones is important for a better utilization of this crop, in both, human and animal nutrition, as for ethanol production. The aim of this work was to evaluate the performance of sweet potato clones grown in different cultivation cycles. The experimental design was a randomized block design, in a split-plot scheme, with three replications. We tested in the plots three cultivation cycles (3, 5 and 7 months), and in the split plots, six sweet potato clones (accessions IBP-007, IBP-038, IBP-075, IBP-079 and IBP-149, and cultivar Brazlândia Rosada). The experiment was carried out at the Research Farm "Campus Rural da UFS", located in the municipality of São Cristovão-SE. The analyzed variables were: survival, damages caused by soil insects, fresh and dry weight of the aerial part, total root yield, content of root dry matter, starch and amylose, and yield of starch and ethanol. All variables were subjected to analysis of variance with the F test, and when significant, the means were compared by the Skott-Knott test at 5% probability. The lowest survival rates occurred in the seventh month of cultivation (51.11%), together with the greatest damage caused by soil insects (4.29), where the clones IPB-038 (2.84), IPB-075 (3.01) and IPB-149 (2.88) showed resistance at the seven month cultivation cycle. Clone IPB-007 presented high values of fresh (14.07 t.ha-1) and dry weight (2.81 t.ha-1) of the aerial part in all the cultivation cycles, presenting also high yield of roots (33.16 t.ha-1), starch (6.63 t.ha-1) and ethanol (4,379 L.ha-1). For content of root dry matter (38.32%) and starch (26.70%), and ethanol yield (176.26 L.t-1), the clone IPB-149 stood out. There was no significant difference in amylose content. The starch content (13.94%) and the yield of roots (7.53 t.ha-1), starch (1.64 t.ha-1) and ethanol (1,034 L.ha-1 and 92.04 L.t-1) were lower for most of the clones evaluated with three months of cultivation. We recommend the use of the cultivation cycle of five months.
publishDate 2013
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