Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6

Detalhes bibliográficos
Ano de defesa: 2016
Autor(a) principal: Loureiro, Lucas
Orientador(a): Bettini, Sílvia Helena Prado lattes
Banca de defesa: Não Informado pela instituição
Tipo de documento: Dissertação
Tipo de acesso: Acesso aberto
Idioma: por
Instituição de defesa: Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Câmpus São Carlos
Programa de Pós-Graduação: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais - PPGCEM
Departamento: Não Informado pela instituição
País: Não Informado pela instituição
Palavras-chave em Português:
Palavras-chave em Inglês:
Área do conhecimento CNPq:
Link de acesso: https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/8160
Resumo: Aramid fibers are very known by their excellent combination of tensile strength and elastic modulus with low density. On the other hand, aramids do not melt which difficult the recycling process. This property is an important issue for many companies that work with these materials since thousands of tons of aramid fibers are produced each year and there are just a few reutilization alternatives. This project evaluated a new alternative to reuse aramid fibers from industrial waste as mechanical reinforcement for polyamide 6,6. Another important characteristic of these fibers is the low interaction with polymeric matrices due to its intrinsic molecular stability and to finishing products that facilitates the spinning and weaving processes. In order to remove the finishing, the fibers were washed with methanol and hexane, but the hexane washed fibers showed better results. Surface treatments with NaOH solutions were also evaluated. It was reported in XPS results that NaOH solution hydrolyzed the fiber’s surface. However, conditions with higher NaOH concentration were too aggressive to the fiber’s mechanical properties. For this reason, it was selected two procedures: 2% NaOH at 30 minutes of exposure and 6% NaOH at 45 minutes of exposure. The composites were produced with two different fiber’s weight concentration, 5 and 10%. The results have shown that the surface treatment impacted the interfacial adhesion, but there was no increase on the composite’s mechanical properties due to the fiber’s mechanical damage caused by the treatment. The addition of 5% of fibers did not increase the mechanical properties probably due to the fact that 5% is near to the fiber’s critical volume for this composite. The composites with 10% of fibers showed better results and revealed a great potential for this reuse alternative for para-aramid fibers.
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spelling Loureiro, LucasBettini, Sílvia Helena Pradohttp://lattes.cnpq.br/3687551763124327http://lattes.cnpq.br/304503017701424531c461de-74e0-4403-8db6-097eea44ba402016-10-21T13:54:17Z2016-10-21T13:54:17Z2016-06-09LOUREIRO, Lucas. Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6. 2016. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais) – Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, 2016. Disponível em: https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/8160.https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/8160Aramid fibers are very known by their excellent combination of tensile strength and elastic modulus with low density. On the other hand, aramids do not melt which difficult the recycling process. This property is an important issue for many companies that work with these materials since thousands of tons of aramid fibers are produced each year and there are just a few reutilization alternatives. This project evaluated a new alternative to reuse aramid fibers from industrial waste as mechanical reinforcement for polyamide 6,6. Another important characteristic of these fibers is the low interaction with polymeric matrices due to its intrinsic molecular stability and to finishing products that facilitates the spinning and weaving processes. In order to remove the finishing, the fibers were washed with methanol and hexane, but the hexane washed fibers showed better results. Surface treatments with NaOH solutions were also evaluated. It was reported in XPS results that NaOH solution hydrolyzed the fiber’s surface. However, conditions with higher NaOH concentration were too aggressive to the fiber’s mechanical properties. For this reason, it was selected two procedures: 2% NaOH at 30 minutes of exposure and 6% NaOH at 45 minutes of exposure. The composites were produced with two different fiber’s weight concentration, 5 and 10%. The results have shown that the surface treatment impacted the interfacial adhesion, but there was no increase on the composite’s mechanical properties due to the fiber’s mechanical damage caused by the treatment. The addition of 5% of fibers did not increase the mechanical properties probably due to the fact that 5% is near to the fiber’s critical volume for this composite. The composites with 10% of fibers showed better results and revealed a great potential for this reuse alternative for para-aramid fibers.Fibras de aramida são conhecidas devido as suas excelentes propriedades de resistência à tração e módulo elástico aliados à baixa densidade; entretanto, este polímero não funde, inviabilizando a sua reciclagem mecânica. Tendo em vista a importância e potencialidade de tais fibras, este projeto avaliou a viabilidade técnica em reutilizá-las como reforço mecânico de poliamida 6,6. Ao mesmo tempo, as fibras de para-aramida possuem como característica baixa interação com matrizes poliméricas, tanto por sua intrínseca estabilidade molecular quanto por possíveis revestimentos que facilitam os processos de fiação e tecelagem. Para eliminar esses revestimentos, foram realizados procedimentos de lavagem com metanol e hexano, sendo o hexano apresentou maiores interferências na superfície das fibras, e foi escolhido para a produção dos compósitos. Com o intuito de aumentar a interação química entre fibra e matriz, foram realizados procedimentos de tratamento químico superficial com soluções de hidróxido de sódio (NaOH). Os resultados de XPS indicaram que a superfície da fibra foi hidrolisada, sendo que as condições de tratamento com maiores concentrações de NaOH se mostraram mais agressivas às propriedades mecânicas das fibras. Por este motivo, foram selecionados dois procedimentos de tratamento químico para a modificação das fibras e produção dos compósitos: 2% NaOH e 30 minutos de exposição e 6% NaOH e 45 minutos de exposição. Foram produzidos compósitos com 5 e 10% em massa de fibras de para-aramida. Os resultados obtidos indicaram que a lavagem não alterou a adesão interfacial e nem as propriedades mecânicas. Por outro lado, os tratamentos químicos alteraram a adesão interacial, porém não demonstraram melhorias nas propriedades mecânicas dos compósitos, justificadas pelo efeitos deletérios do tratamento químico nas propriedades mecânicas das fibras. Em termos gerais, observou-se pouca influência na adição de 5% de fibra, enquanto que os compósitos com 10% de fibra apresentaram melhores resultados. Sendo assim, o presente estudo demonstrou que há potencial para esta via de reutilização das fibras de para-aramida.Não recebi financiamentoporUniversidade Federal de São CarlosCâmpus São CarlosPrograma de Pós-Graduação em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais - PPGCEMUFSCarFibras de aramidaReciclagemPoliamida 6,6CompósitoAramid fiberRecyclingPolyamide 6,6CompositeCIENCIAS EXATAS E DA TERRAENGENHARIASReutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6Reuse of para-aramid fibers as a mechanical reinforcement filler in polyamide 6,6 matrixinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersioninfo:eu-repo/semantics/masterThesisOnline6006008e8c95d7-6578-4987-abc5-e0c3fd264be4info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccessreponame:Repositório Institucional da UFSCARinstname:Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR)instacron:UFSCARORIGINALDissLL.pdfDissLL.pdfapplication/pdf5592723https://repositorio.ufscar.br/bitstream/ufscar/8160/1/DissLL.pdfc5744bd4292b99c4b6727f7625773835MD51LICENSElicense.txtlicense.txttext/plain; charset=utf-81957https://repositorio.ufscar.br/bitstream/ufscar/8160/2/license.txtae0398b6f8b235e40ad82cba6c50031dMD52TEXTDissLL.pdf.txtDissLL.pdf.txtExtracted texttext/plain157918https://repositorio.ufscar.br/bitstream/ufscar/8160/3/DissLL.pdf.txt2fa85ecfa056c501f1a4e7ff3c00dc21MD53THUMBNAILDissLL.pdf.jpgDissLL.pdf.jpgIM Thumbnailimage/jpeg6070https://repositorio.ufscar.br/bitstream/ufscar/8160/4/DissLL.pdf.jpge0a1e6076f17e19b8a4bb0e0ba607f60MD54ufscar/81602023-09-18 18:31:01.774oai:repositorio.ufscar.br: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Repositório InstitucionalPUBhttps://repositorio.ufscar.br/oai/requestopendoar:43222023-09-18T18:31:01Repositório Institucional da UFSCAR - Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR)false
dc.title.por.fl_str_mv Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
dc.title.alternative.eng.fl_str_mv Reuse of para-aramid fibers as a mechanical reinforcement filler in polyamide 6,6 matrix
title Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
spellingShingle Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
Loureiro, Lucas
Fibras de aramida
Reciclagem
Poliamida 6,6
Compósito
Aramid fiber
Recycling
Polyamide 6,6
Composite
CIENCIAS EXATAS E DA TERRA
ENGENHARIAS
title_short Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
title_full Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
title_fullStr Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
title_full_unstemmed Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
title_sort Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6
author Loureiro, Lucas
author_facet Loureiro, Lucas
author_role author
dc.contributor.authorlattes.por.fl_str_mv http://lattes.cnpq.br/3045030177014245
dc.contributor.author.fl_str_mv Loureiro, Lucas
dc.contributor.advisor1.fl_str_mv Bettini, Sílvia Helena Prado
dc.contributor.advisor1Lattes.fl_str_mv http://lattes.cnpq.br/3687551763124327
dc.contributor.authorID.fl_str_mv 31c461de-74e0-4403-8db6-097eea44ba40
contributor_str_mv Bettini, Sílvia Helena Prado
dc.subject.por.fl_str_mv Fibras de aramida
Reciclagem
Poliamida 6,6
Compósito
Aramid fiber
topic Fibras de aramida
Reciclagem
Poliamida 6,6
Compósito
Aramid fiber
Recycling
Polyamide 6,6
Composite
CIENCIAS EXATAS E DA TERRA
ENGENHARIAS
dc.subject.eng.fl_str_mv Recycling
Polyamide 6,6
Composite
dc.subject.cnpq.fl_str_mv CIENCIAS EXATAS E DA TERRA
ENGENHARIAS
description Aramid fibers are very known by their excellent combination of tensile strength and elastic modulus with low density. On the other hand, aramids do not melt which difficult the recycling process. This property is an important issue for many companies that work with these materials since thousands of tons of aramid fibers are produced each year and there are just a few reutilization alternatives. This project evaluated a new alternative to reuse aramid fibers from industrial waste as mechanical reinforcement for polyamide 6,6. Another important characteristic of these fibers is the low interaction with polymeric matrices due to its intrinsic molecular stability and to finishing products that facilitates the spinning and weaving processes. In order to remove the finishing, the fibers were washed with methanol and hexane, but the hexane washed fibers showed better results. Surface treatments with NaOH solutions were also evaluated. It was reported in XPS results that NaOH solution hydrolyzed the fiber’s surface. However, conditions with higher NaOH concentration were too aggressive to the fiber’s mechanical properties. For this reason, it was selected two procedures: 2% NaOH at 30 minutes of exposure and 6% NaOH at 45 minutes of exposure. The composites were produced with two different fiber’s weight concentration, 5 and 10%. The results have shown that the surface treatment impacted the interfacial adhesion, but there was no increase on the composite’s mechanical properties due to the fiber’s mechanical damage caused by the treatment. The addition of 5% of fibers did not increase the mechanical properties probably due to the fact that 5% is near to the fiber’s critical volume for this composite. The composites with 10% of fibers showed better results and revealed a great potential for this reuse alternative for para-aramid fibers.
publishDate 2016
dc.date.accessioned.fl_str_mv 2016-10-21T13:54:17Z
dc.date.available.fl_str_mv 2016-10-21T13:54:17Z
dc.date.issued.fl_str_mv 2016-06-09
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dc.identifier.citation.fl_str_mv LOUREIRO, Lucas. Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6. 2016. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais) – Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, 2016. Disponível em: https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/8160.
dc.identifier.uri.fl_str_mv https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/8160
identifier_str_mv LOUREIRO, Lucas. Reutilização de fibras de para-aramida como reforço mecânico em poliamida 6,6. 2016. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciência e Engenharia de Materiais) – Universidade Federal de São Carlos, São Carlos, 2016. Disponível em: https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/8160.
url https://repositorio.ufscar.br/handle/ufscar/8160
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dc.publisher.none.fl_str_mv Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Câmpus São Carlos
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Câmpus São Carlos
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